The two dominant transport axes of Szigetszentmiklós' clustered settlement structure are the roughly north-south oriented Csepeli street - Vak Bottyán street, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky street, and Csépi street, which pass through the traditional town center and the József Attila settlement, and under the HÉV line, revealing the extensive Bucka district. Perpendicular to this is the other main axis, Szilágyi Lajos Street - Gyári Road, which comes from the north and breaks at the north-eastern corner of the planning area, leading towards the production site and the airport of Tököli. These two main axes meet at the roundabout on the northwest corner of the planning area, which is probably the most prominent urban node in Szigetszentmiklós. This position is reinforced by the fact that the Ráckeve HÉV line also passes nearby. The József Attila station and its surroundings can therefore be considered the structural and transport focal points of the city. This is also reinforced by the public road transport system (Gyári Street and Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Street bus routes). These two routes play a key role in cycling, but no segregated cycle routes have been built along either of the main roads. The Urban Development Plan also calls for the construction of a cycle path along Gyári Street.
Investigating green network connections
From a green network point of view, the connected areas present a mixed picture. The neighbourhood unit K of the housing estate has a relatively high proportion of green space, with residential buildings "swimming in the green" and several relatively large parks and wooded squares (Illyés Gyula Park, József Attila Square, Váci Mihály Square). Institutions (kindergarten, primary school) also have a significant institutional green space. The public spaces of the housing estate have been carefully planted with trees, so that the area already contains a valuable stock of mature trees in the form of groves. The neighbourhood unit to the west of Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Street is much less well wooded, with no significant parkland and most of the public spaces occupied by car parks.
The adjoining areas of detached houses are, despite their designation, very poor in terms of green space.
A general trend in recent decades has been a steady increase in paved areas within the plot. In these large areas with a large population of detached houses, there is little or almost no public green space or public parks. The Kéktó Leisure Centre, located close to the banks of the Danube in Ráckeve, provides a substantial green space supply for the planning area and its wider surroundings, but its service quality needs to be improved. There is also a lack of tree cover in the narrow streets of the detached houses. Only a few hundred metres from the planning area is the Danube of Ráckeve, which has considerable potential for blue and green infrastructure. However, the impact of this is hardly felt, due to the unfavourable urban structure of the HÉV line running along the embankment and the effect of the almost continuous development along the waterfront.
Assessment of accessible services
Given its central location in the city centre, the wider area is well served by institutional and infrastructural services. The two neighbourhoods of the housing estate are well served, with a nursery school, three kindergartens, two primary schools and a secondary school within walking distance. Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Street, the axis of the housing estate, is also home to several commercial units of city-wide importance (supermarkets, shopping centre). This is partly complemented by the spontaneous development of a 'commercial district' in the area of the garage row, which, despite its alarming appearance, implies a significant local demand.
Access to the residential complex and the underground car park would be from a rear access road. A public park would be created between the access road and the HÉV tracks, which would be accessible from the Factory Road. The development concept is in line with the land-use concept of the call for proposals. The P+R car park and the pedestrian, cycling and green areas surrounding it will be built using plots 3225/2 and plots 3670 and 3671/1. The commercial building is located on plots 3674, 3675, 3676. The underground car park, residential and commercial building complex planned for 12 plots of land parcels 3678-3700 also takes into account the existing plot boundaries and can be implemented in 2 phases if required. The proposed phases for the overall development are shown in the explanatory diagram in the Annex. In terms of built-up character, the development area will remain classified as 'Mixed Settlement Centre Area'.
The three development units - P+R car park, commercial services and residential-commercial+underground car park - have different building parameters above ground level. In terms of intensity, the commercial-service unit is the highest and the residential-commercial unit is the lowest, but their average corresponds to the current maximum built-up area of 40%. On average, the following additional building parameters can be maintained for the whole development area: Floor area ratio: 0.8 Green area: min 30% Underground: max 60% Presentation of green space systems, functional articulation, network connections The proposal modifies and improves the Factory Road from the road, cycling, pedestrian and transport point of view. The creation of missing or incomplete green strips along the road and the establishment of a uniform tree line are important green space system development elements of the proposal. The application thus complies with the mandatory tree planting requirement of the Urban Development Plan.
With the planned arcade development and the resulting triple tree line (the planned tree line and the existing ash tree line on the other side of the road, with the ornamental cherry tree line behind it), the Gyári út will become a pleasant, urban main street. Between the planned residential buildings along the line, there are large green spaces, some of which will serve as front gardens for the ground floor apartments. A 6-6 m wide promenade between the buildings will connect the green areas and gardens of the residential buildings to the proposed recreational park along the line. The proposed solution will create an intensive pedestrian and (urban) ecological link between the green areas of the Attila József housing estate, the intensive wooded area along the Gyári út and the public garden along the HÉV line.
The necessary pedestrian crossings via Gyári út will be made possible by the reconstruction and upgrading of the road. An 18-20 m wide green lane will be created between the HÉV line and the inner road that will open up the residential buildings. A public recreational garden alongside the line will help to create a pedestrian walkway, street furniture and functional layout,
László Mikó - Szántó & Mikó Architects & Alex Quintus - Quintus Design
Gábor Szabó - Tér Team
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